In recent years, the countries of Central Africa have embarked on the creation of a vast network of infrastructures following the adoption in January 2004 by the Heads of State and Government, of the Consensual Master Plan for Transport in Central Africa (CMPT-CA).
The CMPT-CA aims to densify infrastructure and improve interconnections to put the ECCAS Region on the path of growth and emergence.
On the basis of an in-depth analysis, the CMPT-CA identified a priority multimodal transport infrastructure network based on the following six (6) criteria:
1° Find a minimum network making the best use of existing transport capacity, that is to say “choosing what is most immediately feasible and least expensive” when a choice arises;
2° Adopt a policy which should allow the capitals to be connected to each other by paved roads;
3° Use the complementarity of multimodal transport “rail – road – waterway” to break the isolation of remote regions;
4° Facilitate access by landlocked countries to the region’s seaports;
5° Connecting ECCAS with the neighboring Regional Economic Communities;
6°Protect the environment, especially with regard to the preservation of the equatorial forest.
Increased investment in transport, especially in regional transport infrastructure and services, would strengthen regional markets, boost intra-African trade, and reduce production and transaction costs, making Central African countries more competitive in the regional and global market.
It is in this sense that the organization of this Round Table focused on transnational multimodal transport infrastructure finds its justification, with the expected participation of technical and financial partners and the private sector.