Central African Republic

Located in the heart of the ECCAS grouping 10 other countries, the Central African Republic benefits from an immense mining, forestry potential and exceptional climatic conditions, in the north a Sahelian climate ideal for cereal crops, in the west an intertropical climate favorable for market gardening, in the south an equatorial climate offering an exceptional forest density of more than 87 million m3 of exploitable species.

After a severe security crisis in 2013, the Central African Republic, which has nearly 4.6 million inhabitants, has started a long and promising recovery with strong support from institutional donors (AfDB, IMF, World Bank, France, EU).

Since 2015, CAR’s economic growth has outpaced the average performance of most Central African countries and is expected to reach 4.8% in 2019.

The medium-term outlook for CAR is positive with the Government of CAR’s commitment to pursue structural reforms, to gradually redeploy public services to the provinces and to increase public and private investment in the infrastructure sector.

Investments and recent initiatives in the transport infrastructure sector

2019 :  The World Bank grants USD 100 million to the LONDO project to provide temporary employment to vulnerable people and to facilitate access to basic services throughout the national territory

Called “LONDO +”, this funding will triple the number of beneficiaries of labor-intensive public works, providing almost 5 million man-days of work across the country.

The LONDO project benefits from an active collaboration between the World Bank and several other international partners, in particular the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA) and the French Development Agency.

2018 : The European Union supports a project to open up regions in the Central African Republic

This 8 million EUR project is financed by the Bêkou Fund, the European trust fund for the Central African Republic with a contribution from the French State, aims to rehabilitate transport infrastructure to promote the opening up of regions in CAR.

The opening up strategy will focus primarily on the installation of infrastructure and equipment, in particular to act on highways through the installation of metal bridges made available by the French State.

Central African Republic
 President: Faustin-Archange TouadéraCapital: Bangui

Area: 622,984 km²

Population: 4,666 million (2018)

GDP: 2.32 billion USD (2018)

Inflation: 4% (2018e)

Public debt (% of GDP): 48.6 (2018e)

Currency: CFA Franc (Financial Cooperation in Central Africa). 1 euro = 656.57 CFA

Chad Republic

Chad occupies an important geostrategic position and has an important pastoral and agricultural potential including the cultivation of cereals, cotton, the production of gum arabic (2nd world producer for the Kitir variety).

The primary sector, subject to climate vulnerability, represented, in 2017, almost 50% of GDP and employed 90% of the population.

The country experienced a succession of positive events in 2018, including the restructuring of the state debt vis-à-vis the trader Glencore which amounted to 1.36 billion USD.

The high price of oil and the exploitation of new oil fields will continue to contribute to growth, which should accelerate in 2019 to 4.2% and in 2020 to 5.8%.

The implementation of a policy of economic diversification from economic sectors less exposed to external shocks has been initiated by Chad. The aim is to reduce the negative macroeconomic impact of volatile oil prices on the Chadian economy as well as climate vulnerability.

Having one of the highest freight costs in the world, the Chadian authorities have also placed the development of national infrastructure and regional transport integration at the heart of their action.

Investments and recent initiatives in the transport infrastructure sector

2019 : Chad mobilizes from funders 850 million USD

At the end of the Chad-Arab World forum which was held at the end of June in N’Djamena, the funders undertook to make available to Chad, USD 850 million for the financing of priority sectors including that of transport infrastructure.

This forum was organized in partnership with BADEA and with the support of the African Development Bank Group, the OPEC-OFID Fund, the World Bank Group.

2018 : A consortium of donors provides 60 billion CFAF for the asphalting of the Kyabe – Singako linear route

This 72.3 km highway, whose construction was completed in 2018, is part of the priority structuring network that the Chadian government has committed to developing to ensure coverage and permanent accessibility of the entire territory.

The project was financed in concessional loan in grants jointly by the Chadian Government (40%), the BDEAC (34%), the ADF (16% of the amount) and the OPEC-OFID Fund (10%).

The expected results are the reduction of the generalized costs of transport in this region with high agro-pastoral potential and the improvement of the living conditions of the populations through easier access to health and educational structures, as well as to the main consumption centers of the country

Chad Republic
President: Idriss Déby ItnoCapital: N’DjamenaArea: 1.284 million km²

Population: 15.4 million (2018)

GDP: 11.3 billion USD (2018)

Inflation: 3.5% (2018e)

Public debt (% of GDP): 49.2 (2018)

Currency: CFA Franc (Financial Cooperation in Central Africa). 1 euro = 656.57 CFA

Republic of Congo

The Republic of Congo is the 6th oil producer in Africa with oil fields operated by majors like Total, Eni.

Largely covered by tropical forests, the Congo also has vast expanses of uncultivated arable land which represent around a third of its surface area as well as abundant natural resources (iron ore, potassium, phosphates, wood) for the most part, not exploited.

After two years of recession, the Congolese economy returned to a growth trajectory in 2018, reinforced by cooperation with institutional donors, including the IMF, to ensure the sustainability of sovereign debt and the implementation of an inclusive economic policy and diversification.

GDP growth will probably stabilize around 2% in 2019 with an inflation rate around 1.7%.

The development of infrastructure, support for economic diversification, is an option that the Congolese Government intends to further promote.

Investments and recent initiatives in the transport infrastructure sector

2019 : Concession of Route Nationale 1 funded by the Congo and China to the tune of 2 billion EUR

The concession for the operation and maintenance of Route Nationale 1 was officially launched on March 1, 2019 by President Denis Sassou N’Guesso.

This 535 km-long 2 × 2-lane road has since 2016 linked Brazzaville to Pointe-Noire.

These 2 billion EUR road works were partially funded by a framework agreement for economic and commercial cooperation between the Republic of Congo and the People’s Republic of China.

2019 : The European Union and the French Development Agency grant 29 million EUR for the modernization of the Autonomous Port of Pointe-Noire

 

Two financing agreements totaling 29.3 million EUR were signed on May 15 between the Autonomous Port of Pointe-Noire and the EU and AFD for the modernization of infrastructure and the management of fishery resources

Republic of Congo
President: Denis Sassou N’GuessoCapital: BrazzavilleArea: 342,000 km2

Population: 5,244 million (2018)

GDP: 11.264 billion USD (2018)

Inflation: 1.2% (2018)

Public debt (% of GDP): 87.8 (2018)

Currency: CFA Franc (Financial Cooperation in Central Africa). 1 euro = 656.57 CFA

Democratic Republic of Congo

After the election of President Tshisekedi, an international community wishes to support DR Congo further to reduce its vulnerabilities and propel it to a level of development commensurate with its enormous natural resource potential, its geostrategic position conducive to the gains of regional integration and the size of its population, the fourth in Africa.

1st French-speaking country in the world in number of inhabitants and 2nd country in Africa by area, the DRC has a gigantic hydroelectric potential (100,000 MW) or one third of the continent’s potential and 60% of its area is made up of forests.

According to the IMF, GDP growth is expected to slow to 4.5% in 2019 with the slowdown in mining activity amid weakening cobalt prices. In contrast, growth in the non-mining economy would more than double due to higher public investment and post-election optimism.

In the medium term, overall growth would be around 4% on the basis of current policies.

To achieve the decisive transformation of its economy, priority is given to the development of sustainable infrastructure capable of stimulating economic growth.

Democratic Republic of Congo
President: Félix TshisekediCapital: KinshasaArea: 2,345 million km²

Population: 84.068 million (2018)

GDP: 47.228 billion USD (2018)

Inflation: 23.2 (2018 e)

Public debt (% of GDP): 20.9 (2018 e)

Currency: Congolese franc. 1 dollar = 1

Investments and recent initiatives in the transport infrastructure sector

2019 : Russia grants USD 500 million to DR Congo for the construction and rehabilitation of Congolese railways

As part of the Russia-Africa Economic Forum in Sochi, a memorandum of understanding was signed on October 23rd between the Russian Railway Company and the DR Congo.

This contract relates to the construction and rehabilitation of railways for the benefit of the National Railway Company of Congo (SNCC) and the Commercial Company of Transport and Ports (SCTP)

This partnership also concerns the training of Congolese railway experts in Russia, the transfer of skills and the establishment of a locomotive and wagon assembly plant.

2018 : The European Union has supported the Project to Support the Navigability of inland waterways and lakes with 60 million EUR

In partnership with the Ministry of Transport and Communication Routes, the EU has allocated 60 million EUR over the period 2011-2018 for the implementation of the Support Project for the Navigability of inland waterways and lakes whose objective is to facilitate access to markets, social and administrative services for populations and economic actors.

The project was developed around 4 components:

Component 1: Hydrography and hydrology (10.1% of the budget)

Component 2: Development and maintenance of waterways (52.1%)

Component 3: Port infrastructure (20.0%)

Component 4: Training and institutional support (2.5%).